The St. Kliment of Ohridski or Sofia University is the oldest higher education institution in Bulgaria, founded on 1 October 1888. The university’s edifice was constructed between 1924 and 1934 with the financial support of the brothers Evlogi Georgiev and Hristo Georgiev, whose sculptures are now featured on its façade, and has an area of 18,624 m² and a total of 324 premises.
Sofia University has 16 faculties and three departments, where 14,000 students receive their education. In addition, it also disposes of a university library , a university press, a computer centre, a sports centre and several other structures. The current rector is Ivan Ilchev. Sofia University is ranked 593rd in the world and 227th in Europe by the Webometrics Ranking of World Universities.
The university was founded on 1 October 1888, 10 years after the Liberation of Bulgaria , to serve as Bulgaria’s primary institution of higher education. Initially, it had 4 regular and 3 additional lecturers and 49 students. It was founded as a higher pedagogical course, it became a higher school after a few months and a university in 1904. The first rector was Bulgarian linguistAleksandar Teodorov-Balan.During Sofia University’s first years, it had three faculties, a Faculty of History and Philology (since 1888), a Faculty of Mathematics andPhysics (since 1889) and a Faculty of Law (since 1892). History, geography, Slavic philology, philosophy and pedagogics, mathematics and physics, chemistry, natural sciences and law were taught. The first women, 16 in number, were welcomed to the university in 1901, and 25 November (8 December N.S.), the day of St Clement of Ohrid, became the university’s official holiday the following year.In 1907, as Prince Ferdinand opened the National Theatre, he was booed by Sofia University students, for which the university was closed for 6 months and all lecturers were fired. Not until a new government with Aleksandar Malinov at the head came into power in January 1908 was the crisis resolved.At the beginning of the Balkan Wars, 1,379 students (725 men and 654 women) were recorded to attend the university. A fourth faculty was established in 1917, the Faculty of Medicine, the fifth, the Faculty of Agronomy following in 1921, the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and the Faculty of Theology being founded in 1923. In 1922–1923, Sofia University had 111 chairs, 205 lecturers and assistants and 2,388 students, of which 1,702 men and 686 women.The foundation stone of Sofia University’s new edifice was laid on 30 June 1924. Funds were secured by the brothers Evlogi Georgiev and Hristo Georgiev. The rectorate was built according to the initial plans of the French architect Henri Bréançon, who had won a competition for the purpose in 1907. The plans were developed by Nikola Lazarov and revised by Yordan Milanov, who also directed the construction, but died before the official opening on 16 December 1934.The first doctoral thesis of the university was defended on 27 October 1929 in natural sciences and by Vasil Tsankov. The second one, in chemistry, followed on 1 July 1930 by Aleksandar Spasov. In 1930–1931, the university had four more doctors.After the political changes of 9 September 1944 and the emergence of the People’s Republic of Bulgaria, radical alterations were made in the university system of the country. At that time, 1944–45, 13,627 students attended the university, taught by 182 professors and readers and 286 assistants. Communist professors were introduced to the higher ranks of university authority, with others that did not share these views being removed. Specific party-related chairs were established and the university was restricted after the Soviet model. Three new faculties were founded in 1947, one of forestry, one of zootechnics and one of economics and major changes occurred, with many departments seceding in later years to form separate institutions.The Sofia University Mountains on Alexander Island, Antarctica were named for the university in commemoration of its centennial celebrated in 1988, and in appreciation of the university’s contribution to the Antarctic exploration.
The Sofia University offers a wide range of degrees in 16 faculties:
- Faculty of Biology
- Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy
- Faculty of Classical and Modern Philology
- Faculty of Economics and Business Administration
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Geology and Geography
- Faculty of History
- Faculty of Journalism and Mass Communication
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics
- Faculty of Philosophy
- Faculty of Physics
- Faculty of Pre-school and Primary School Education
- Faculty of Slavic Studies
- Faculty of Theology
- Faculty of Medicine
Requirements for Sofia University :
The admission requirements for international citizens depend on the category of the students and the specialties they choose. The application procedure differs in terms and conditions and the tuition fees are different for Bulgarians / EU citizens and the citizens of non-EU member countries.
1. Bulgarians / EU citizens – depending on the specialty they choose, they enter a contest by taking entrance examinations at the University or are ranked on the basis of their results / grades received as a result of the national high-school leaving exams.
2. Bulgarian nationals permanently living abroad compete for the Bulgarian state universities. They are ranked on the basis of the results of the entrance exams in Bulgarian language and literature and Bulgarian history, organized by the Ministry of education and science of the Republic of Bulgaria every year. The successful candidates – enrolled as regular students at the University – have a right to receive a monthly state scholarship for the period of their study.
3. The admission procedures for students accepted in implementation of bilateral / multilateral agreements between Sofia University and foreign universities; Erasmus and Erasmus Mundusprograms, CEEPUS exchange program, etc. are specific and according to the rules and the principles of these programs. The study in implementation of such programs is usually free of charge, as far as students are enrolled for the semester and have met the requirements of their home universities.
4. Applicants from non-EU member countries (tuition-fee paying students) apply at the University by submitting their documents only. Applications are ranked provided that the grade relevant to the major applied for is not lower than 62% of the maximum grade according to the grading system in the country in which the applicant has completed his/her secondary education (i.e. is equivalent to a grade of Good).
The University of Sofia “St. Kliment Ohridski” is open in offering different specialties and forms of study to all candidates who meet the following requirements:
Bachelor’s Degree Programmes:
1. To have completed secondary education that makes them eligible to continue their studies in higher educational institutions in the country, in which the applicants have completed secondary education.
2. To have in their diplomas for secondary education grades in the subjects relevant to the major applied for. If the applicants do not have such grades in their diplomas, they need to pass examination at the appointed by the Bulgarian Ministry of Education and Science Bulgarian high school, in order to get the necessary document.
3. To not suffer diseases contra-indicated to the respective area of study or the profession applied for.
Master’s Degree Programmes
Enrollment Documents :
- A completed Application form or a letter of application containing a brief CV and specifying the faculty and the major applied for (the name of the respective bachelor’s or master’s degree program), the mode of education (full-time or part-time) and the period of study. The application form must explicitly specify the proficiency level of the applicant in Bulgarian language.( In the application forms the candidate-students may indicate more than one faculty and program applied for and will be ranked accordingly.)
- A validated copy and a certified translation of a Diploma for completed secondary education including a supplement specifying the period of attendance and the grades in different subjects – for foreign citizens applying for a full period of study or a validated copy and a certified translation of a Diploma for completed higher education (Bachelor’s or Master’s degree) accompanied by a full academic record – for international citizens applying for a part of the full period of study or a higher educational degree (for example, a Master’s degree program after completed Bachelor’s).
- A document issued by a competent body certifying the applicant’s eligibility to continue his/her studies in higher educational institutions in the country in which he/she has completed his/her secondary education.
- A medical certificate issued no earlier than a month before the application procedure, validated by the respective authorities in the applicant’s country. (The documents stated above must be translated into Bulgarian and legalized in accordance with the provisions contained in the intergovernmental agreements between the Republic of Bulgaria and the country in which these documents were issued. If such agreements do not exist, the documents must be validated, translated and legalized, according to the standard procedure for legalization of official papers (Apostille)).
- A photocopy of the applicant’s passport / identity card with the name legibly written in the Latin alphabet and indicating the place and date of birth. Applicants with dual citizenship should also provide photocopies of their Bulgarian identity card or passport. Whenever there is a difference between the names on the two identity cards or passports, the applicant must also provide a notarized declaration of identity (or, alternatively, a certificate issued by the respective municipal authorities) stating that the different names belong to one and the same person.
- 4 recent photographs of the applicant (passport format).
- A declaration for the financial provision of the applicant for the period of study (if necessary).
Tuition fees for Sofia University :
|FACULTIES||PREP. COURSE||UNDERGRADUATE||YEAR||POST GRADUATE||YEAR||SPECIALITY|
|All Faculties In Bulgarian||3300 €/ Per Year||3300 € / Per Year||4 Year||3000 €/ Per Year||2 Year||5500 €/ Per Year|
|Medicine In Bulgairan||3300 € / Per Year||–||4 Year||4650 €/ Per Year||6 Year||–|
|All Faculties In English||3300 € / Per Year||3850 € / Per Year||4 Year||3850 € / Per Year||2 Year||6400 €/ Per Year|
**The tuition fee for Medicine and Pharmacy is € 4650 – full-time. The duration of the study is 6 academic years (after completed secondary education).